Insurance data science : Pictures

At the Summer School of the Swiss Association of Actuaries, in Lausanne, following the part of Jean-Philippe Boucher (UQAM) on telematic data, I will start talking about pictures this Wednesday. Slides are available online

Ewen Gallic (AMSE) will present a tutorial on satellite pictures, and a simple classification problem, related to Alzeimher detection.

We will try to identify what is on the following pictures, starting with the car

(we will see that the car is indeed identified)

a skier,

and a fire,

We will also discuss previous pictures from the summer school

Les autorités publiques face aux risques, de la confiance au doute

Il y a deux ans, au travers une superbe exposition, la France célébrait Louis Pasteur, un des grands précurseurs de la vaccination, dont on fêtera le 200ème anniversaire dans quelques mois.

En même temps, la France est devenue le pays ou le scepticisme face à l’efficacité de la vaccination est la plus grande. Et ce manque de confiance à l’égard des vaccins semble être beaucoup plus profond, correspondant à un doute face à la science, et aux autorités publiques.

Continue reading Les autorités publiques face aux risques, de la confiance au doute

La valeur de la vie humaine

L’article La Valeur de la Vie Humaine, co-écrit avec Béatrice Cherrier est paru dans le dernier numéro de la revue Risque.

En 1928, revenant sur la révolution chinoise de 1925, André Malraux publie son roman Les conquérants, et glisse « j’ai appris qu’une vie ne vaut rien, mais que rien ne vaut une vie ». Si la formule peut plaire, on imagine qu’elle n’aidera pas trop un décideur public. En 2013, le Commissariat général à la stratégie et à la prospective, en France, évaluait la valeur d’une vie à trois millions d’euros. Mais d’où sort ce chiffre ? Et que signifie-t-il vraiment ?

Insurance data science : use and value of unusual data #1

Next week, with , I will be at the Summer School of the Swiss Association of Actuaries, in Lausanne, with Jean-Philippe Boucher (UQAM) and Ewen Gallic (AMSE).

I will give an introductionary talk on Monday morning, and the slides are now available

There will be some hands-on applications, on R. I will share some codes in the slides.

SIDE Summer School, day 1

This morning, we start the SIdE (Italian Econometric Association) Summer School, on Machine Learning Algorithms for Econometricians. Emmanuel Flachaire will start with a presentation of nonparametric econometric techniques. I will then get back to the geometry of (standard) econometric techniques, to introduce kernels. The first series of slides are online.

I will then spend more time on the (popular) idea of “least squares” and mention other loss functions. Slides are online.

Optimal transport on large networks

With Alfred Galichon and Lucas Vernet, we recently uploaded a paper entitled optimal transport on large networks on arxiv.

This article presents a set of tools for the modeling of a spatial allocation problem in a large geographic market and gives examples of applications. In our settings, the market is described by a network that maps the cost of travel between each pair of adjacent locations. Two types of agents are located at the nodes of this network. The buyers choose the most competitive sellers depending on their prices and the cost to reach them. Their utility is assumed additive in both these quantities. Each seller, taking as given other sellers prices, sets her own price to have a demand equal to the one we observed. We give a linear programming formulation for the equilibrium conditions. After formally introducing our model we apply it on two examples: prices offered by petrol stations and quality of services provided by maternity wards (only the later is described here for privacy issues). These examples illustrate the applicability of our model to aggregate demand, rank prices and estimate cost structure over the network. We insist on the possibility of applications to large scale data sets using modern linear programming solvers such as Gurobi.

Demand for gas in gas stations in Britanny, and demand for maternity in France (with border correction)

In addition to this paper we released a R toolbox to implement our results and an online tutorial, optimalnetwork.github.io.

Pareto Models for Top Incomes

This week, The Society for the Study of Economic Inequality (ECINEQ) organised the Eighth ECINEQ Meeting 2019  in Paris, hosted by the Paris School of Economics and the World Inequality Lab. Emmanuel Flachaire was there to present our joint work on Pareto Models for Top Incomes. Slides are also available


The paper is still available on hal, and the package (TopIncomes) is also available from github,

library(devtools)
install_github("freakonometrics/TopIncomes")
library(TopIncomes)

An Open Lab-Notebook Experiment