Snow in Montréal (Canada)

Winter started a bit more than one month ago… but we have already experienced many snow storms… there is still a lot snow in gardens and in the streets,

I was wondering if it was that unusual, but apparently not. Compared with last year, it is (for the first months of winter, until the end of Januray), it +50%, but it is comparable with previous years

Yes, we a simple loop, we can easily extract data from official wesite https://climat.meteo.gc.ca/ (but not too far away, even 2015 contains a lot of missing observations). For this month, we use

url = "https://climat.meteo.gc.ca/climate_data/daily_data_f.html?StationID=51157&timeframe=2&StartYear=1840&EndYear=2023&Day=30&Year=2023&Month=1#"
library(XML)
library(stringr)
download.file(url,destfile = "M.html")
tables=readHTMLTable("M.html")
k = which(tables[[1]]$`JOUR `=="Somme")
neige = tables[[1]]$`Neige tot. Definitioncm `[k]
x = as.numeric(sub(",", ".", strsplit(neige, "LegendCarer")[[1]][1], fixed = TRUE))

and then we loop, and store the number we look for in a data frame (yes, we have to convert “50,8LegendCarer^” into the appropriate numerical value (that would be here 50.8

D = data.frame(annee = c(2023,rep(2022:2015,each=12),c(12,11,10)), mois= c(1,rep(12:1,8),12,11,10), lab = neige, snow = x)
for(i in 2:nrow(D)){
    y = D$annee[i]
    m = D$mois[i]
    url = paste("https://climat.meteo.gc.ca/climate_data/daily_data_f.html?StationID=51157&timeframe=2&StartYear=1840&EndYear=2023&Day=30&Year=",y,"&Month=",m,"#",sep="")
  download.file(url,destfile = "M.html")
  tables=readHTMLTable("M.html")
  k = which(tables[[1]]$`JOUR `=="Somme")
  neige = tables[[1]]$`Neige tot. Definitioncm `[k]
  x = as.numeric(sub(",", ".", strsplit(neige, "LegendCarer")[[1]][1], fixed = TRUE))
  D[i,3] = neige
  D[i,4] = x
}

Here are the most recent months

> head(D)
  annee mois              lab snpw
1  2023    1 50,8LegendCarer^ 50.8
2  2022   12             63,0 63.0
3  2022   11             14,6 14.6
4  2022   10              0,0  0.0
5  2022    9              0,0  0.0
6  2022    8              0,0  0.0

Of course, we need some codes to plot, we here, I mainly wanted to keep tracks of the code used to extract meteorological data…

 


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